Silhouette shooting originated in Mexico around the 1900's, moving into the States in the 1960's and later into Canada. The original variation was high power, all others are scaled down versions. There are basically four disciplines of silhouette shooting: high power, small bore, black powder and air rifle. All types use metal silhouette targets of chickens, pigs, turkeys and rams. High power and black powder utilize the largest range with distances of 200 meters - chickens (target is 10" x 11"). 300 meters - pigs (22" x 14"). 385 meters - turkeys (15" X 23"), and 500 meters - rams (32" x 27". The small bore range is 1/5 the size of the high power range with scaled down targets: 40 meters - chickens, 60 meters - pigs, 77 meters - turkeys and 100 meters - rams. The air rifle range is again scaled down: 20 yards - chickens, 30 yards - pigs, 36 yards - turkey and 45 yards - rams.
The equipment used for the various disciplines are as follows:
Uses center fire rifle in two classes:
Standard class with a maximum rifle weight, with scope, of 10 lbs. 2 oz. Minimum caliber is 6mm.
Hunter class has a maximum rifle weight, with scope of 9lbs. Minimum caliber is 6mm
uses rimfire .22 call in two class
Standard class has a maximum weight, with scope, of 10 lbs. 2 oz.
Hunter class has a maximum weight, with scope, of 8 lbs. 8 oz.
Target air rifle - weight unlimited.
Sporter air rifle has maximum weight of 12 lbs. 2 oz.
Hunting or military style rifle, single shot with a maximum weight of 12 lbs 2 oz.
Most silhouette matches are based on 40 shots, 10 at each type of target.
Shooters are given 2 1/2 minutes to shoot the first five targets, then take a short break, then another 2 1/2 minutes for the last 5 targets. for more information on the history, rules and regulations of Silhouette shooting check out these sites: